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DNA structure influences the function of transcription factors

Spatial arrangement of the binding site and neighbouring segments modulates gene activity Substances known as transcription factors often determine how a cell develops as well as which proteins it produces and in what quantities. Transcription factors bind to a section …

One trace of dark matter vanishes

A mysterious X-ray signal most likely originates from sulfur ions which capture electrons A mysterious X-ray signal from clusters of galaxies recently caused some excitement among astronomers: Does it perhaps originate from dark matter, which makes up around 80 percent …

Hereditary diseases are the price of protection against infections

Balancing selection is responsible for helping us fend off pathogens, but also for the occurrence of mutations in our genome that predispose us to hereditary diseases Almost half our genes can be the starting point for diseases. Scientists have identified …

Mars landing site picked by an ERC grantee from University of Lyon

The European Mars mission in 2018 will land on the site identified by Prof Cathy Quantin-Nataf, grantee of the European Research Council (ERC), and her team at Universit√© Lyon 1 and Observatoire de Lyon. Their choice of site, named Oxia …

Neuron unites two theoretical models on motion detection

Computation of motion by T4 cells in the fly brain more complex than previously believed As indicated by their name, photoreceptor cells in the eye respond to light: is an image point bright or dark? They do not indicate the …

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